October Gardening Checklist


_ Plant bulbs so their tops are at a depth equal to three times their height. Plant tip side up.
_ Rodents eat tulip & crocus bulbs but avoid daffodils.
_ Cut Peonies down to ground level & destroy leaves.
_ Mulch Roses when ground has frozen.
_ Hostas are going dormant. After foliage has yellowed & browned, cut stalks to the ground.
_ Prune stalks of summer perennials to the ground.


_ Ornamental kale & cabbage make colorful companions for garden mums.
_ Destroy slug egg masses found under garden debris or plastic mulch.
_ Dig up summer-flowering bulbs such as dahlias, gladiolus & canna lilies before the ground freezes &
store in a cool, dry & dark place.
_ Remove all fruit dropped from trees to avoid disease next year; also all fallen grapes & those clinging to vines.
_ After frost, rake dead annuals from bedding garden; add to trash can, not compost pile.
_ June-bearing strawberry plants are manufacturing flower buds for fruit in June. Water periodically up to
Thanksgiving to achieve optimum bud production.


_ Fall browning of inner evergreen needles is normal.
_ Continue planting trees, shrubs & perennials. The roots with continue to grow until the soil temperature
drops to approximately 40*F.
_ Trees getting old? Plant a replacement.
_ Warm, dry days & cool nights produce good leaf color.
_ Do not prune spring flowering shrubs at this time.
_ Mow around fruit trees to eliminate hiding places for rodents. Plant protection around base of fruit trees.
_ Continue watering fall-planted trees & shrubs as needed, especially evergreens.
_ Call a certified arborist to discuss serious tree troubles.
_ Plant tissue freezes when temperatures drop below 30*F (water freezes at 32*F).
_ Formation of dormant buds for next year’s spring flowers on flowering trees & shrubs is now complete.

_ Check your spruce trees for spider mites and treat as needed.

_ Good time to plant some trees and shrubs.

_ If you keep houseplants outside in summer be sure to check for pests such as thrips, mealybugs, and whiteflys

_ Winterize Lawn Equipment

_ Collect soil samples now to anticipate soin nutrient needs for the coming year to adjust PH.

_ Don’t forget to drain and shut off water pipes and irrigation systems to prevent them from freezing.

_ When the snow flys be sure to protect plants from winter damage: remove snow from evergreen and water trees during a thaw.



_ Skunks in the lawn are searching for insects.
_ Avoid using grass clippings as mulches if they have been treated with pesticides or herbicides.
_ Remove leaves from newly seeded lawns.
_ Old stumps rot quickly when covered with soil.
_ Rake up leaves & needles from lawn.


_ Try growing some herbs on a sunny kitchen windowsill.
_ Put pumpkins on the porch for seasonal color. Remember to carve a Jack-O-Lantern!
_ Waxing refers to when the moon is increasing. Waning refers to when the moon is decreasing.
_ Keep Christmas cactus in cool temperatures (50-55*F at night) to set flower buds.
_ Put leftover pesticides in a safe place. Store all pesticides in original containers with labels intact.
_ Move African violets to a brighter location.
_ Clean, repair & store garden furniture now.
_ Gather up soaker hose, clean & store for winter.